The Olympic Games being held in the borough is the chance of a lifetime to develop a whole new Shake-Speare-Hackney-Stratford-EastLondon Tourism Industry for the longterm. Thousands of tourists will alight from the Olympic Park Station, the area will beam around the world on TV, and all will see that there’s another Stratford. It will immediately have the world thinking, “I thought there was only the Avon one, but there’s a Stratford in East London … and what’s this about the true Shakespeare writing the sonnets just up the road in Henry VIII’s former palace at King’s Place, Hackney…”
At the very least, there’s enough time to:
• Formulate a basic strategy, including:
– Initially stick to the crystal clear waters of the Evolution of the English Sonnet – starting with ‘Father of English Sonnet’, Henry Howard, Earl of Surrey married to 15th Earl of Oxford’s daughter, Frances de Vere, all the way to the 1609 sale of King’s Place (Brooke House) at the exact same time as the publication of ‘SHAKE-SPEARES SONNETS’ – that can’t be muddied by the usual impostor tactics. (Don’t worry the sonnets plug straight into the Plays like a main circuit cable, that will come after we get to first base.)
– Emphasize the famous hyphenated “Shake-speare” and thus the allusions to Pallas Athena “Shake a Spear at Ignorance”
– Promote ‘Theatre in Education‘ (TIE) – BSix Brooke House College that now sits on the King’s Place site could be the quintessential role model. Actually, it’s appropriate that BSix Brooke House has an affiliation with Pembroke College, Oxford (Pem-Brooke). Pembroke College was established in 1624 shortly after the publication of the First Folio. It was named for William Herbert, Earl of Pembroke. Along with his younger brother Philip Herbert (who became the Earl of Pembroke in 1630) they were the “Incomparable Paire of Brethren”. Philip being Susan de Vere’s husband. Avonian Dover Wilson inadvertently has no trouble fitting Edward de Vere into the Sonnets because, like most scholars, he argues that 1-17 are about marrying off Edward de Vere’s other daughter, he says to William Herbert, though most think it was more likely Henry Wriothesley, Earl of Southampton, also very close to the family (he would later die with Vere’s son Henry in the Low Countries campaign) but Wilson struggles to fit his Guillem Shaksper into all this. The current Earl of Pembroke, ‘Will’ Herbert, is a direct descendant of Susan de Vere, and thus William Shakespeare.
Now given all that is going on, amazing timing really with the Olympics Games attention on the borough, the brain just boggles with what BSix could do with all this. It could certainly become internationally famous – a college student would kill to be able to say, “I studied on the very spot William Shakespeare wrote the Sonnets!”. There is no other place in the world that can make that claim. All it takes is the right marketing, adding a special Theatre course (Playwriting, even one on the Evolution of the English Sonnets) and just like in the BBC news report, ‘Brooke House Sixth Form College replicates Oxford study‘, the students study in a special 16th century styled room, modelled on what Edward de Vere, the Earl of Oxford’s study would have been like.
• Our all important website.
The impostors have a number of them, including:
They are also trying to cash in on the East London Olympics by staging
Our Internet stuff would have the domain name:
Thus, eventually something like:
– For now our we will get things moving with Social Media – Facebook, Twitter, Youtube, and of course blog:
…are up and running, the rest will follow soon.
“Shake a Spear at Ignorance in Hackney-Stratford-EastLondon ”
Sonnet 37 which captures the borough’s dispossessed past, but embraces the positive of leaving something productive for the next generation.
Could also develop the John Hogan 1537 ill May Day uprising ditty:
The hunt is up, the hunt is up.
Evolution of the English Sonnet confirms
Is the rightful home of Shake-speare
Not Stratford-Avon which rips off
5 million unsuspecting tourists a year
Wrongfully giving them a £335 million
Tourism industry supporting 7,000 jobs.
The hunt is up, the hunt is up.
[Maybe some local students could make that into a sonnet with 10 syllables in each line.]
• Put up a giant electronic Internet-connected billboard on the King’s Place (Brooke House) corner. There’s space on the Lea Bridge Roundabout (connecting by restoring the old underpass) for the New Shake-Speare Tourist Information Complex, which would include a Virtual Tour.
• Signage and Scrolling ad boxes on roads and footpaths.
• A statue, maybe something like the one the Earl of Pembroke, descendant of Susan de Vere put up at Wilton in 1743, the “Shakespeare Shadow Statue” copy of the Westminster Abbey one.
Should be able to find sponsor(s) to defray the costs – look at the international exposure they will get. Westfield Stratford is an ideal sponsor as they obviously will be interested in anything concrete that will reduce unemployment and increase tourism in the borough after the Olympics. And of course any player in the hospitality industry who wants global exposure like a hotel chain. (A hotel could be incorporated into our Complex on the Lea Bridge Roundabout, badly need anyway as all the hotels are down south.)
Put together the ‘Shake-speare Tourism Taskforce’ for Shake-speare-Hackney-Stratford-EastLondon.
Next up will be our documentary in time for the Olympic Games with filming mostly around Brooke House and of course the neighbouring Olympic Park.
Could easily be made by students, a mockumentary filmed with an iPhone cheap look, as in made for under $10,000
It will clearly be of interest to major TV networks around the globe, at the very least the more cerebral national broadcasters.
Working Title: “The True Shakespeare wrote Sonnets at Olympic Games Hamlet”
Extended Description: “Shake-Speares Sonnets written near Olympic Park at Hackney-Stratford-EastLondon …yes, we’ve all noticed now, there is another Stratford.”
Check out Youtube Primer for our TV Documentary W.I.P.:
The True Shake-Speare wrote Sonnets at Olympic Games Hamlet
(7m 33s, 55.9Mb)
< http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=c6NL8fO1J2g >
Share: http://youtu.be/c6NL8fO1J2g >
Seem to have been an influence:
• De Vere Court right on the spot;
• Earl of Pembroke College affiliation (Pem-brooke) with BSix Brooke House, and the Earldom of Pembroke’s family seat is Wilton, the street running adjacent to Hackney Town Hall;
• Father of English Sonnet, Henry Howard’s family seat is Kenninghall (in Norfolk) the road that runs along the front of Brooke House.
The Laws of the Land
• Lobby to close the loophole in the law allowing Shakespeare BirthPlace Trust false advertising and ripping off tourists.
• Could also bring class action law suit against the ultimate cozener (making the lawyer that represents us internationally famous):
Dispossessed Families of Hackney-Stratford-East London
Shakespeare BirthPlace Trust
Is often said on the subject matter of true Shakespeare authorship, invariably smugly by those that have lifetime employment.
If the borough’s current Mayor and local MPs don’t grab this opportunity to take back some of the
£335 million and 7,000 jobs
< http://www.stratfordobserver.co.uk/2012/02/27/news-Town’s-tourist-industry-urged-to-cash-in-by-council-31308.html >
from the Avon impostors (imagine just a conservative 1% of that monopoly market share after one year of promotion would be £3.35 million and 70 jobs for the borough, and just keep growing year by year as tourists become informed) …well, it really will be time for an “ill May Day” uprising. A peaceful one of course, every concerned family of Hackney-Stratford-EastLondon marches (complete with, marching band, bagpipes, 16th century costumes and of course a fiddler, singing the “The hunt is up, the hunt is up…”) from the borough to that impostor place at Avon to personally deliver a Court Order – “Cease and Desist”.
Shake a Spear at Ignorance in Hackney-Stratford-EastLondon!
Peter & Tara (9yo) Hogan
P.S. March 2012 we put the proposal to Mayor Jules Pipe and Councillors – including Councillor Guy Nicholson, ‘Cabinet Member for Regeneration and the 2012 Olympic Games’ who is specifically “responsible for the socio economic and cultural development of the borough, increasing employment opportunities for residents, maximising the opportunities presented by 2012” (Has he got a better idea than our Shake-Speare Tourism plan for creating thousands of jobs?); Diane Abbott MP Hackney North Stoke Newington, Meg Miller MP Hackney South and Shoreditch; Editors Hackney Citizen, Gazette; BSix Brooke House College; et al – hoping they will take a serious look at it for the sake of the future of the long dispossessed families of the borough.
Pallas Athena = Shake a Spear at Ignorance
“shake a lance … at the eyes of ignorance”
– Ben Jonson First Folio, 1623
“vultus tela vibrat (ignarus)“
– Gabriel Harvey 1578 letter to Edward de Vere
The Elizabethan respect for Pallas Athena (Minerva) Greek goddess of wisdom and civilization, and thus patron of the theatre was basically her ‘shaking a speare at ignorance’. From Gesta Grayorum, an account of the Saturnalia private plays of the Gray’s Inn law fraternity of the Honourable Order of the Knights of the Helmet of Athena (Edward de Vere was a member since 1562) to the 1604 court masque The Vision of the Twelve Goddesses in which the new Queen Anne’s preference was for playing Pallas Athena rather than the obvious role of Juno, queen of the gods (Susan de Vere was Flora, goddess of spring).
The Sonnets published in 1609 are really the simplest way-in to see that Edward de Vere is William Shakespeare (and conversely a major headache for Avonians).
Shakespeare’s wife needs money from sale of the Sonnets and King’s Place
Elizabeth Trentham was obsessed with restoration of the Vere family seat of Castle Hedingham in Essex for their son Henry, now the 18th Earl of Oxford.
In 1591, Vere, a la King Lear (note the rhyme), had signed Castle Hedingham over to his (then young) 3 daughters in trust as a result of pressure from William Cecil, Lord Burghley (their grandfather).
By 1607 this dispossession grates on Elizabeth Trentham, Henry is now 14 and needs to take his rightful place in society. The 3 daughters have married well and don’t need Castle Hedingham.
Elizabeth was going to need a lot of money to buy out the daughters (and their husbands) more than the proceeds from the sale of King’s Place (it had been the scene of Henry VIII reconciliation with daughter, Mary; then it has a series of owners, including William Herbert, 1st Earl of Pembroke) in Hackney – where Vere spent his twilight years before ‘exiting the stage’ writing new works and revising old ones.
Elizabeth Trentham was also going to have to sell some of her husband’s works too. She had access to expert advice on the literary market through Susan de Vere’s mother-in-law, Mary Sidney Herbert (mother of the “INCOMPARABLE PAIRE OF BRETHREN“) and her ‘close’ friend Fulke Greville. Both edited Philip Sidney’s works for publication after his death, including Astrophel and Stella, being an important landmark in the Evolution of the English Sonnet.
Despite their individual loyalties Fulke Greville and Edward de Vere go way back at least 30 years to the early 1570s. Once when their fireworks antics in Warwick (Fulke’s hometown in Stratford on Avon) got out of hand and they had to teamed up to rescue some villagers from burning houses.
In 1608 they test the market since no Shakespeare work has been published since Vere’s ‘purported’ death in 1604 after averaging 2 publications each year since he settled down with Elizabeth in the early 1590s. Indeed Robert Brazil (1955-2010) notes that where before the marketing slogan for the latest Shake-spear publication was often “improved” or “newly augmented”, use of such wording in Prefaces stopped after 1604.
These Plays were mainly reworks and included King Lear (1608 – revision of 1594 – the happy ending version).
And Troilus and Cressida, 1608 [revision of A History of Agememnon and Ulysses 1584; and 1599 (and almost in 1603)].
The Preface contains a strange salutation:
A never writer to an ever reader. An obvious pun,
An E. Vere writer to an E. Vere reader.
It goes on to mention the GRAND POSSESSORS of the Shake-speare works following Vere’s purported death 5 years earlier.
And it’s the same printer as the Sonnets, the one and only, George Eld.
Shake-speare Plays would not be enough.
They know they are going to need something special to really wow the market.
They all know about Vere’s Sonnets that were passed around these literary families for years (just like Philip Sidney’s were).
In the meantime, Elizabeth Trentham is having King’s Place cleaned and made ready for sale.
1-2-3-4 April-May-June-July 1609 is a fascinating timeline
1. On 1 April 1609 Elizabeth Trentham was given royal permission to sell King’s Place.
2. Next they use William Hall as their frontman in getting the Sonnets published – Stationer’s Register 20 May 1609 – Hall also ‘procured’ A Four-Fold Meditation, 1606 – for same printer as Sonnets, viz., George Eld – Hall had with connections to Vere through Anthony Munday, Hall’s cousin; he was mixed up Munday’s/Vere’s The Mirror of Mutability 1579 also dedicated to Vere – back in their Silexedra (Bishopsgate) early days – Hall a probable ‘hanger-on’ followed Vere to King’s Place.
3. Fulke Greville (later Lord Brooke) was then only too happy to make up the difference – Kings Place is then straight away in June sold by Elizabeth Trentham to him for £4,980.
4. Immediately, after all this on July 8, 1609, Countess Elizabeth Trentham signed papers that brought Castle Hedingham back into the de Vere family.
So either side of the publication of the Sonnets its all happening among the GRAND POSSESSORS at Hackney:
We have them procured by a Hackney man, Hall who had been recently married in Hackney, hence:
Mr. W.H. ALL HAPPINESSE (which can also be read as
Mr. W. HALL HAPPINESSE on your recent marriage)
And we have the man that edited Philip Sidney’s work, Fulke Greville (very much connected to the Veres and Sidney-Herberts, but no record connects Greville to any Guillem Shaxper even though they are both from Stratford) in the thick of it.
A couple of years ago there was a news report – The Telegraph – “Tomb could end riddle of Shakespeare’s true identity” – about Fulke Greville’s expensive tomb in Warwick where some Avonians thought there might be the only extant Shakespeare manuscripts – they seem to have lost interest on finding out about the Edward de Vere connection to Hackney.
And of course the standard eulogy phrase OUR EVER-LIVING POET clearly tells us the poet was now dead – Edward de Vere having made his exit 5 years earlier (Guillem Shaksper is still living for another 7 years to 1616).
Evolution of the English Sonnet
Even Avonians agree there were no Sonnets written later than 1604, the year de Vere purportedly died. They also agree Sonnets 1-17 are more likely addressed to the more handsome Southampton with his feminine looks. And Edward de Vere was more of a ‘father’ figure to Southampton.
We also know that Henry Wriothesley, pronounced ‘Rosely’ (cf. Tudor Rose Theory), would later hang out with Vere’s son Henry like they were blood brothers, as captured in the “Two Most Noble Henries” engraving.
Unwittingly, John Dover Wilson, is confirming for us that Edward de Vere wrote the Sonnets.
He refers to extant letters from him that date to just the right time (there are none at all from Guillem Shaksper because he was illiterate).
And Wilson also spotlights for us that Vere was very keen to push marriage of his daughter (no doubt because he was “lame, poor and despised” at the time):
“…Oxford realized how necessary it was to hurry the marriage…”
In a hurry enough for Vere to write the Sonnets to suck up to Southampton big time.
And we know particularly from J. Thomas Lōney’s approach to the investigation that Vere had the capability to write the complex Sonnets, so why would he bother with the Stratford guy.
That’s why when the Avonians try to fit Shaksper in here, without the fatherly link to Southampton, they raise the spectre that Shakespeare must have been homosexual.
‘Sir Thomas More’ – Vere’s Anachronistic Homage to Uncle (Surrey)
Even strato W.W. Gregg (1911 editor) dates the Sir Thomas More Play earlier to the 1580s. That’s a big problem for Avonians, but what has really cornered them is that the Play features the “Poet Earl”, our Henry Howard Earl of Surrey even though he was too young to be fitted in. Vere wanted it to be a homage to his uncle who had so much influence over him. Frances Vere passing on the manuscripts of those pioneering sonnets, Vere wanted to be just like him. Surrey was also a hothead, wrote seditious Plays, favoured an ancestral coat of arms suggestive he should be King, all making it easier for the rival Seymours to trump up charges leading to his beheading at at barely 33 in 1547 (eerily Vere was born soon after). Vere particularly wanted to bring in the “ill May Day” uprisings.
Robert Hutchinson in ‘House of Treason – Rise and Fall of a Tudor Dynasty‘ (2009) notes, “Richard Wharton was a servant at Surrey’s household at Kenninghall, the Howard family seat in Norfolk. Wharton had tipped off the Duke of Suffolk (Charles Brandon) in May 1537, about a seditious play, performed on May Day, about how a King should rule”. (n94 p. 340; see also T.H. Swales, ‘Opposition to the Norfolk Monasteries, Norfolk Archaeology’, vol. 33 1962-6, pp. 260-1)
Vere seems to have dictated the Play to various Silexedra assistants and got peeved by the heavy censoring (“Mend!” everywhere) ordered by Edmund Tilney, in his capacity as Master of Revels (later unofficially replaced by George Buc, who is eventually awarded the title in his own right all the way to 1621 when he goes mad, during the production of the First Folio, then it’s kept closely in the family with the appointment of kinsman Henry Herbert) to water down the seditious theme.
At this same time as the Thomas More homage to his Uncle Poet Earl, Vere is working on some sonnets himself.
Another Avonian, Kenneth Muir, notes in the history of the sonnet that after the work of Henry Howard, Earl of Surrey, known as the ‘Father of the English Sonnet’ – just happens to be the uncle of Edward de Vere – not much happened for some time until along came “Hekatompathia – Passionate Centurie of Love” in 1582 – supposedly by Thomas Watson (also one of the Silexedra motley crew) but guess who the dedication is to, and who has his finger prints all over it (you guessed it again, Edward de Vere – in 1582 Vere was 32, Shaxper 18 and some 10 years away from coming to London). Indeed C.S. Lewis thought the erudite appended notes were more interesting than the sonnets. Oh, and need we say, no works were ever dedicated to the Stratford guy.
Hekatompathia’s Sonnet 31 (of some 100 love sonnets) with notes can be found at Astronomy & Geophysics:
“The Hekatompathia is a collection of 100 love sonnets, mostly 18 lines long, dedicated to Edward de Vere, 17th Earl of Oxford. The sonnets of Hekatompathia have always been most highly regarded, and are considered a model and forerunner for Shakespeare’s sonnets. The Hekatompathia sonnets are typically preceded by prefatory material and quotes from classical sources. The author or authors of the prefatory material is not known for certain, but Watson and/or Oxford seem the likely choices.
…the oldest description of the discrete nature of the stars of the Milky Way, preceding Galileo’s discovery by nearly 30 years. The description is in lines 3–4 of Sonnet 31 of Hekatompathia (1582).”
That can not tell how many starres appeare
In part of heav’n, which Galaxia hight
Lame, poor and despised – Sonnet 37
May be you can relate to it, to Edward de Vere aka Shakespeare’s Sonnet 37, even in the modern day –Lame, poor and despised (because you have been ‘dispossessed’) fits perfectly with Edward de Vere, Earl of Oxford (in contrast, there is no evidence Shaxper was lame, but he was a successful businessman/grain merchant, and he seems to have only been despised by his wife, who he bequeathed his “second best bed” in his Will):
• Firstly, we have to note for us fellow LPDs that most scholars date Sonnet 37 to the mid 1590s when Vere/Oxford found himself over 40!
• Oxford was ‘lame’ since sustaining a leg injury in the 1582 fray with Sir Thomas Knyvet over the honour of his niece Anne Vavasour.
• The street fighting between Oxford’s and Knyvet’s servants, including some deaths, resemble the Montague/Capulet dynamics in Romeo and Juliet.
• Vere’s letter of 25 March, 1595 to Lord Burghley:
“When Your Lordship shall have best time and leisure if I may know it,
I will attend Your Lordship as well as a lame man may at your house.”
Sonnet 37 in King Lear
‘…In the Sonnets (for instance, Sonnet 37 includes almost the very same phrase: “So I, made lame by fortune’s dearest spite”) the bard portrays himself several times as lame; Oxford, in his letters several times refers to his lameness or infirmity); in the Quarto version of King Lear [Act IV, Scene 6 (213-221)], Edgar describes himself to Gloucester as:
“A most poor man, made lame by fortune’s blows”…’
Brief Chronicles Vol. II (2010) http://www.briefchronicles.com
And just a bit more on King Lear: as with most of his plays, it was clearly a rework – likely at King’s Place, Hackney, during the Elizabeth Trentham Prospero/Tempest like 12 year exile from 1592 to Vere’s purported death in 1604 [see Vere’s Tempest Letter] – of Vere’s earlier The True Chronicle History of King Leir, registered in 1594; Lear/Leir [you can see the initial attraction of the name in the rhyme, especially with his preoccupation with being lame, and both surnames have 4 letters, Leir/Lear = L(ame V)ere; not to mention Tamburlaine = Timur the Lame] had 3 daughters (and an illegitimate son) so did Vere; and both signed over their major estates to their daughters (Vere under pressure from Burghley, their grandfather); and there are clear parallels between Susan de Vere and Cordelia – Mark Anderson, p354 – the telltale ‘nothing’ lines re the de Vere family motto (Vero Nihil Verius = nothing truer than truth) in King Leir (c. 1594) / King Lear Redux and John Davies’ masque in Francis Davison’s Poetical Rhapsody 1608; Warren Hope’s Lear’s Cordelia, Oxford’s Susan & Manningham’s Diary; and Nathaniel Baxter’s (was in Italy with Vere, also friend of Philip Sidney) poem Ourania about her father to Susan: “Vera Nihil Verius Susanna Nihil Castius” (Nothing truer than truth, nothing chaster than Susan).
William Farina notes that a key source of King Leir / Lear and Philip Sidney’s Arcadia is An Aethiopian Historie by Heliodorus, translated by Thomas Underdowne in 1569 (reprinted many times). He dedicated his book to 19 year old Edward de Vere (in contrast, as we keep noting not one book was dedicated to Stratford businessman Guillem Shaksper). Underdowne’s fascinating dedication is reproduced in the Appendix of HMD.
Those reworks by the way, stem all the way back to when Vere was 12 in 1562 and wrote “The Tragical History of Romeus and Juliet” under the pen name Arthur Brooke, not to mention the problem Stratfordians have with the earlier version of Hamlet penned with one of Vere’s many Silexedra (Fisher’s Folly) ‘secretaries’ in the 1580s, Thomas Kyd – The Spanish Tragedy fits in here as well; and that connotes The Spanish Maze and The Tempest [Roger Stritmatter and Lynne Kositsky shakespeare-oxford.com… pdf]; a young Christopher Marlowe followed Thomas Watson to the haunt and out of that collaboration came the ultimate monument in Play form to Vere’s obsession with being lame – Tamburlaine (aka Timur the Lame); heck, might as well throw in that “Eva Turner Clark is probably right in opining that The Merchant of Venice was first acted at court, on 2 February, 1580, by the Lord Chamberlain’s servants, under the title of The History of Portio (Portia) and Demorantes – that last word being, perhaps, a mistranscription for The Merchants“; could go on like this forever…
• Vere had become just about bankrupt (in contrast, Shaksper of Stratford continued to be a successful businessman, and that’s about all we can be sure of!) including having lost a small fortune on the North-West Passage venture to Michael Lok, cf. Shy-lock, Merchant of Venice. [See also Vere-Hogan Letter of 21 May 1578 below]
• Vere to Burghley, 13 July 1581 letter “…a shadow they can make a substance…” cf. Sonnet 37 “this shadow such substance give”.
• The author of Sonnet 37 uses the word “parts” to refer to a person’s attributes or qualities. Vere in a 8 September 1597 letter to Burghley uses that word in the same way, “hath many good parts in him”. The letter is about marrying off his daughter, the subject of several Sonnets. As noted even Stratfordians concede these Shakespearean Sonnets are about de Vere’s daughter.
• Sonnet 37 in Love’s Labour’s Lost around the same time Vere is wooing Southampton to marry daughter in Sonnets 1-17:
“To her decrepit, sick, and bedrid father”
Part of Berowne’s (Vere’s alter ego) complaint “not to see ladies” (I.i.48) directly from the Gray’s Inn Saturnalia revels (privately staged Plays) – Gesta Grayorum 1594. Vere was a member of this law fraternity. The 1921 editor of Gesta Grayorum knows he has a problem trying to fit Shaxper into this esoteric Order of Knighthood of the Helmet (of Pallas Athena).
“Rich Man and Death”
A little book bound richly up, and strung with Crimson containing “Shake-speares Sonnets” that Vere is holding in the later tampered with Ashbourne portait (which turned up a stone’s throw from the Trentham family seat of Rocester) next to the Hamlet skull that is alluded to in the official inventory of King’s Place, Hackney.
The Merchant of Venice and the Mercers of Hackney
Hackney was popular in the 16th century as a residence for nobles and London mercers like Edmund Hogan (d. Oct. 1609) and had relatives in Norfolk, as did Vere.
Edward de Vere, Earl of Oxford Letter to Commissioners
for voyage to Meta Incognita, 21 May 1578:
To my very loving friends Mr [Michael] Lok, Mr [Edmund] Hogan, & others the Commissioners for the voyage to Meta incognita [‘Boundary Unknown’ – re Northwest Passage].
After my very hearty commendations, understanding of the wise proceeding & orderly dealing for the continuing of the voyage for the discovery of Cathay by the north-west which this bearer, my friend Mr Frobisher, hath already very honourably attempted, and is now eftsoons to be employed for the better achieving thereof, and the rather induced as well for the great liking her Majesty hath to have the same passage discovered as also for the special good favour I bear to Mr Frobisher, to offer unto you to be an adventurer therein for the sum of one thousand pounds or more, if you like to admit thereof, which sum or sums, upon your certificate of admittance, I will enter into bond shall be paid for that use unto you upon Michaelmas Day next coming.
Requesting your answers therein, I bid you heartily farewell from the court, the 21 of May, 1578.
Your loving friend,
– The National Archives SP 12/149/42(15) f.108v 1
Vere invested heavily in Martin Frobisher’s voyages to the Canadian Arctic, known at the time as Meta Incognita.
In the above letter Vere is offering to invest £1000 in Frobisher’s third voyage, to be secured by a bond due on 29 September 1578.
A useful source of information on the three Frobisher voyages is Inuit and Englishmen; The Nunavut Voyages of Martin Frobisher at http://www.civilization.ca/cmc/exhibitions/hist/frobisher/frint01e.shtml
Also see Voyages Of Martin Frobisher, In Search Of A Passage To Cathay by George Best 1578 available at the Internet Archive
p. 169 Trade, Plunder and Settlement: Maritime Enterprise and the
Genesis of the British Empire, 1480-1630, Kenneth R. Andrews. 1999
Lok was openly slandered by Capt. Frobisher,
“thus to be, a false accountant to the Company,
a cozener of my Lord of Oxford*,
no venturer at all in the voyages,
a bankrupt knave.”
‘East Indies: November 1578’, Calendar of State Papers Colonial, East Indies, China and Japan, Volume 2: 1513-1616 (1864), pp. 43-44.
British History Online http://www.british-history.ac.uk
*This line is invariably left out by Avonian Historians; a cozener is a conartist – Lok conned Edward de Vere into taking his £2000 share thus bringing up Vere’s total exposure to £3000.
cf. Merchant of Venice’ Shylok 3000 ducats.
Charlton Ogburn considered this 1578 letter to be one of two (the other being his letter in French at just age 13) most significant surviving Vere letters and noted:
“It will be noticed that Oxford was now in bond for £1,000 just as Antonio in The Mechant of Venice is in bond for 3,000 ducats against the successful return of his vessels, with rich cargoes, and when Oxford bought up an additional £2,000 worth of stock from Lok, making him the biggest investor in the enterprise, he was then, like Antonio, in for 3,000.”
The above are some relevant excerpts from the multimedia production,
The Hyphen, The Mask & The Daughter